This issue of Refract treats translation as a process by which a set of information is manipulated, altered, transferred, or rendered into another form. How do moments of transformation affect the outcome? What could be gained by focusing more on transformation rather than a fixed set of ideas that are absolute, objective, or universal? The selected contributions interrogate the mechanisms of translation and its role in visual culture and other forms of creative, social, or political production and representation. Unequal distributions of power require that we delve further into what ‘translation’ can implicate. Can we still say today that we are able to ‘translate’ across cultural, historical, geographical, and epistemological divides?
Scott Hunter and Alexandra Macheski