Refract’s fourth volume explores the entanglements between the document and the documentary as sources of information and forms of visual culture. Derived from the Latin docere (to instruct, to teach), the document can be a pedagogical tool, a disciplinary measure, or a literary and legal form that ascribes value to people and property and gives shape to cultural beliefs called laws. And yet, the document defies boundaries—it is at once literary, sociological, scientific, and historical while also being a material object with affective qualities.
Amalia Mesa-Bains and Madison Treece
Silvia De Giorgi
Marla Elisabeth Heid
Marisa J. Futernick
Tao Leigh Goffe and Tatiana Esh
Margeret Allen Crocker
VOICES OF VISUAL STUDIES